When a tooth breaks down, forming a cavity, it’s called tooth decay. It begins with the damage of enamel which progresses, if not treated, and reaches the inner layers of the tooth to the pulp and nerves. This makes the tooth sensitive and gives rise to problems such as inflammation and swelling, pain, and ultimately falling of the tooth.
Tooth Decay is generally a result of improper oral hygiene i.e. not brushing properly, flossing or rinsing after meals. Unregulated diet of sweet food and drinks like aerated drinks, jam, marmalade and even potato chips are also responsible for tooth decay.
A Root Canal is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or becomes infected. During a Root Canal procedure, the nerve and pulp are removed and the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. Without treatment, the tissue surrounding the tooth will become infected and abscesses may form.
- Severe toothache pain upon chewing or application of pressure
- Prolonged sensitivity/pain to heat or cold temperatures (after the hot or cold has been removed)
- Night pain Discoloration (a darkening) of the tooth
- Discoloration (a darkening) of the tooth
- Swelling and tenderness in the nearby gums
- A persistent or recurring pimple on the gums
- Tooth-pain that increases when you lie down and reduces once you sit up
- Increased sensitivity when you’re having sweets
- If tooth pain spreads to your head or your ears
A Root Canal requires one or more office visits and can be performed by an endodontist. The first step in the procedure is to take an X-ray to see the shape of the root canals and determine if there are any signs of infection in a surrounding bone. local anesthesia is given to numb the area near the tooth. An access hole will then be drilled into the tooth. The pulp along with bacteria, the decayed nerve tissue and related debris is removed from the tooth. The cleaning out process is accomplished using root canal files. A series of these files of increasing diameter are each subsequently placed into the access hole and worked down the full length of the tooth to scrape and scrub the sides of the root canals.Irrigant is used periodically to flush away the debris.